Sunday, February 23, 2020
Market Entry Strategies - Essay Example The process of choosing the particular place to enter with a new venture is important since it determines the level of success of the firm. The factors that should be considered when setting the destination for the new venture include internal factors, external factors, desired mode characteristics, and transaction specific behaviors. Consider the location of any direct investment and then consider the culture of the country in terms of religion, Other factors that need to be considered includes institutional weaknesses and government policies of the country in which the new market is situated. Choosing the appropriate space involves market scanning and is based on secondary data and it should give the advantages and the disadvantages of investing in a particular market. Market research is the most complex part of determination of where to invest and it requires more resources to manage. Market research is mainly based on primary research and this is the reason why it requires more r esources to manage. Among the factors that are studied during market research are the geographic distance, cultural proximity, maturity of the distribution system and the economic and political stability in the region (Su, 2013). Timing of entrance According to Veronika (2007), timing of entrance is also an important for the organization just like the positioning of the market system. Both the latecomer and first mover have got advantages and disadvantages that they enjoy in market acquisition and establishment in the market (Limbersky, 2008). The first mover takes the advantages that include technological leadership and pre-emption of scarce resources in the market. The first movers also enjoy the advantages that come with of strong brands and the establishment of entries of barriers in the market. According to Michael and Hans (2012), the late movers also enjoy some advantages in the market that first mover cannot easily enjoy and they include opportunities to ride on first mover investment in the market. Janet and Gao (2012) also
Thursday, February 6, 2020
United Nations human rights council - Essay Example As the newly appointed ambassador of the United States of America to the United Nations, the country I would choose to fill a seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council, between the Netherlands and France in the Western Europe region, is the Netherlands. Both countries have decent human rights records that have met minimal international standards. However, after weighing and assessing the relative merits of the two regarding human rights structures and enforcement, I would choose the Netherlands. While both Western European countries have a developed network of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and independent oversight bodies intended to monitor, assess, and prevent violations, the Netherlands appears to be more open to implementing recommendations and dedicated to raising awareness of its problems among its citizens.Additionally, France's primary area of human rights violations seems more reprehensible, since it stems from within administration, specifically, abuse of powe r by the police forces, a problem that has persisted for years. As was done in this paper, future candidates to the United Nations Human Rights Council should undergo a vigorous vetting, wherein each category of human rights is investigated for infractions, recommendations, openness to and successful implementation of recommendations. The United Nations Human Rights Council is an "intergovernmental body" instituted by the United Nations, consisting of forty-seven countries. ... For the purpose of this paper, France and the Netherlands will be touted as two viable candidates for a seat on the United Nations Human Rights Council. Both Western European countries have laid out their own policies regarding human rights. As France points out, its long history has made it privy to the progression of human rights over time, dating back to its Enlightenment period. France's past efforts to recognize human rights include the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 and the adoption of UDHR in 1948 (with one of its own citizens, Rene Cassin, having a hand in the document). The country declares itself an avid advocate of international independent committees working with countries in adhering to UDHR guidelines. (French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, 2008) Non-governmental structures and embassy reports help France to monitor and address human rights violations. In 1947, the National Consultative Commission of Human Rights (NCCHR), an independent advisory board, was instituted. This Commission monitors all areas of human rights from police conduct to discriminatory hiring practices and provides overall recommendations on policies to the government (FMFEA, 2008; U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2009). Another main human rights structure is the independent National Security Ethics Commission (CNDS) which looks into allegations of misconduct by law enforcement officials (U.S. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2009). As the Netherlands professes in its official human rights policy, the country works to abolish the death penalty worldwide, supports the rights and freedoms of women, children, and religious minorities, and is against discrimination towards
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
First Language and Learning English Essay Language is the most dynamic form of symbolism that cultures possesses. Language is the medium in which people interact and communicate for the exchange of ideas, knowledge and feelings. Language acquisition has been one of the most intriguing aspects of human nature and had been the focus of different disciplines. For the most part, language acquisition had been theorized and conceptualized in different ways all of which was to determine where language came from and how it developed. On the other hand, the multicultural aspect and globalization of our society have made it almost a necessity to learn English as the most favored international language. Most educational curriculums in the world integrate the learning of English as a second language especially in areas where the first or native language is structurally different from English (Gitsaki, 1998). According to KrashenÃ¢â¬â¢s (1981) model of second language acquisition Ã¢â¬Å"acquired and learned languages are differentÃ¢â¬ . Language acquisition is a subconscious process brought about by the meaningful interaction of the individual with the target language while learning a language is a conscious process which results in conscious knowledge about the language (Krashen, 1981, p. 103). Learning a second language is a complex process that can be affected by different factors, one of the most leading issue is that of how first language affects the teaching of English as a foreign language in the classroom. Several researches have reported that first language proficiency strongly predicts English language learning (Clay, 1993; Snow, Burns, Griffin, 1998), moreover, a strong correlation between first language fluency and learning English was also reported (Hiebert, Pearson, Taylor, Richardson, and Paris, 1998). Children who have to learn a second language generally have to use first language in comprehension and analysis of the information exchanged in the second language. Therefore the impact of first language to learning a second language can be facilitative while it can also interfere with learning a second language such as English (Bialystok, 2002). This literature review would present what has been known about the role of the first language in learning English as a second language in the context of classroom learning as well as how teachers can effectively use the first language to the teaching of English. This exercise would also discuss the theoretical framework, the research methods and the strengths and weaknesses of the presented literature. Appendix Auerbach, E. (1993). Reexamining English only in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 27(1). Bialystok, E. (2002). Cognitive processes of L2 users. In V. Cook (Ed. ), Portrait of the L2 user (pp. 147-165). New York: Multilingual Matters. Burden, P. (2000). The use of the students mother tongue in monolingual English Ã¢â¬ËconversationÃ¢â¬â¢ classes at Japanese universities. TLT Online Editor. Retrieved May 12, 2008, from http://www. jalt-publications. org/tlt/articles/2000/06/burden Clay, M. (1993). Reading Recovery in English and other Languages. Keynote address presented at the West Coast Literacy Conference, Palm Springs, CA Cummins, J. (2000). Language, power and pedagogy: Bilingual children in the crossfire. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters. Cummins, J. (2001). Bilingual childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s mother tongue: Why is it important for education? Retrieved May 12, 2008, from http://www. oise. utoronto. ca/MLC/MotherTongueDK. pdf Garcia, G. E. (2000). Bilingual childrens reading. In M. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, D. Pearson, R. Barr (Eds. ), Handbook of reading research Volume III (pp. 163-179). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Giacobbe, J. (1992). A cognitive view of the role of L1 in the L2 acquisition process. Second Language Research, 8; 3, 232-250. Gitsaki, C. (1998) Second Language Acquisition Theories: Overview and Evaluation. Journal of Communication and International Studies 4; 2:89-98. Hamers, J. Blanc, M. (2000). Bilinguality and bilingualism 2nd ed. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Anthropology 122-1 Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Western Scientific Perspectives Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Walking on a clear night a person canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but look up and see the stars. Each beautiful, illuminating the night sky along with the moon, far away yet close enough to admire and wonder. I sit sometimes outside and just look up and gaze in wonder at the stars, but the scientists in me thinks further. The stars are like our sun in the solar system, hydrogen balls, exploding, radiating energy and light in all directions yet we are so far that we see them as specks in the night sky. Then there are those night where Venus and Mercury can be seen among the stars, almost a spiritual experience. Science has taught us that gravity and other laws of nature control the movement of such celestial objects and control everyday happenings where most would not give it a second thought. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In life we all seek the truth, the truths about the universe; our surroundings. Some people seek the truth through what science tells us. The Big Bang Theory tells us that there was a massive explosion where concentrated matter is scattered all over what is the universe and over time the planets and other systems formed to their current states. Then some seek the truth through religion and God and so we have the story of Genesis from the Bible. Fritjof Capra, author of The Tao of Physics, was a high-energy physicist who conducted years of research in his career and understood his surroundings as a physicist but through his learning the religious philosophies of Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism saw his surroundings are more than that. Capra saw a rhythm that surrounded everything. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬Å"I Ã¢â¬ËsawÃ¢â¬â¢ cascades of energy coming down from outer space, in which particles were created and destroyed in rhythmic pulses; I Ã¢â¬ËsawÃ¢â¬â¢ the atoms of the elements and those of my body participating in this cosmic dance of energy; I felt its rhythm and I Ã¢â¬ËheardÃ¢â¬â¢ its sound, and at that moment I knew that this was the Dance of Shiva, the Lord of Dancers worshipped by the Hindus.Ã¢â¬ (Capra, 11) Ultimately Capra discovered for himself and argues is the view of the world explained through physics and the view given by philosophies such as Hindusim, Buddhism and Taoism are parallel to each other. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã According to Capra, knowledge can be divided into to parts, rational and intuitive. Everyday we learn, we gain knowledge of our surroundings and from our everyday happenings.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ by john Steinbeck and Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ by Thomas Hardy Essay
Points of comparison between Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ by john Steinbeck and Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ by Thomas Hardy. Include social and historical context, setting, plot, characters, theme and language. Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ written by Thomas Hardy and Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ written by John Steinbeck have many differences in their social and historical background but similarities can be seen between the two. Of Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ is set in Soledad, California during AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s great depression in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s. Transport was very different then, most people travelled around on foot or by horseback. There were busses but very few of them and if you were a couple of Ã¢â¬Ëbindle stiffsÃ¢â¬â¢ like George and Lennie you never got a full ride or taken to where you wanted to go. A train were available but for people like George and Lennie hiding in boxcars and riding for free was more common. As it was during the great depression many business es went bankrupt and many people lost their jobs. This was the reason that many people, including George and Lennie, travelled around so much looking for work. Work was mostly found on farms and ranches but pay was very little. Wages were $50 per month with food and accommodation included. However the accommodation was very basic, they were communal bunkhouses so George and Lennie and anyone else had little privacy. Jobs on the ranch werenÃ¢â¬â¢t that glamorous either, Ã¢â¬Ëbarley buckingÃ¢â¬â¢ was the most common then there were skinners, stable bucks and swappers. There were few employment rights and no job security because as soon as a job was finished workers were just dropped and had to move on to find other jobs in other places. Even through all the work there was plenty of entertainment. Betting and gambling were very popular, any chance they had to play a game of horse shoes or a game of cards they would more than likely always have a bet on each game. When they had enough money they would go into the local town for a couple of drinks in Ã¢â¬Ëcat housesÃ¢â¬â¢. Punishment for any crime committed was severe, but there was no real law. It was normal for just anyone to take the law in to their own hands, as shown in the story when Lennie killed CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and Curley went out to shoot Lennie and it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter, Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Ë IÃ¢â¬â¢m gonna get him. IÃ¢â¬â¢m going for my shotgun. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll kill the big son-of-a-bitch myselfÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ is set in holmstoke in Wessex in the mid 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. Holmstoke is a very isolated little village and is only joined to Anglebury, a near town, by a cart track. Transport back then was even more primitive than in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. People mostly travelled by foot and by horse and cart along dirt tracks, as there were no proper roads. Pretty much everyone was labouring class as the only jobs really available were on farms an d land. Dairy and animal farming was very popular. The farms were owned by wealthier farmers that employed the local people to do the farming and dairy work. The wages were 37p per week, which just like in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ is very little. The women did the milking in the dairies and cider making and the men did the harvesting, just like in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢, cropping and wood cutting but just like in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ there was little job security and hardly any employment rights. Entertainment was still a big part of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. The farmers had house gatherings and even back in the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s drinking was still popular as in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. Local bands were often booked for traditional dances and festivals. They celebrated Christmas with little plays from house to house. You could also go and see a hanging when there was one and purchase a part of the rope used. Punishments for even little crimes like theft could be punishable by death. There were almost no legal rights for anyone in the labouring class and if u were just thought to be guilty of a crime you could still be hanged for it and you werenÃ¢â¬â¢t given a chance to prove yourself innocent. The settings for these two stories are quite similar even though both are set in different countries and years apart. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ a vision of the place is clearly described. It is set on a rural farm that Ã¢â¬Ëbucks barleyÃ¢â¬â¢. The local town is Soledad where the men found some of their entertainment. Steinbeck makes the setting sound very bare and lonely and portrays the idea that the farm is cut off and very much on its own very well. The valley is described well and is described as open and free, Ã¢â¬Å"On one side of the river the golden foot hill slopes curve up to the strong and rocky Gabilian Mountains, but on the valley side the water is lined with treesÃ¢â¬ . There is a Ã¢â¬ËbrushÃ¢â¬â¢ in this story, which Steinbeck mentions clearly, Ã¢â¬Å"The sycamore leaves turned up their silversides, the brown, dry leaves on the ground scudded a few feetÃ¢â¬ . Farming is a big part in each story as well, even though the farms themselves are different , the different types of countrysides are both described well by each other in their own well. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ a clear description of itÃ¢â¬â¢s setting is also given. This story is also set in and around farmland but this farm is a dairy farm unlike the one in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. The setting in this story however is much greener with more of a typical English countryside. It is set just outside of Holmstoke and is surrounded by Egdon Heath, which is described as barren moorland, Ã¢â¬Å"their course lay apart from the others to a lonely spot high above the water-meads and not far from the border of Egdon Heath, whose dark countenance was visible in the distanceÃ¢â¬ . This makes the place sound very cut off and lonely just as in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ dairy farming dominates and is the main way of working and living just like in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ where crop farming is the main way of working and living. In each of the stories there are similarities in the plots. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ Lennie and George are two incomers to the farm where the story is based. They are wor kers that travel around to find work in different places and to gat some money. They arrive just down the road from the farm as the bus driver refuses to drive them any further. They are there to work as Ã¢â¬Ëbarley buckersÃ¢â¬â¢ which is pretty much the lowest rank of worker. Their welcome to the farm from the other workers wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t that pleasant because to them Lennie and George were just another pair of passers by. When they first arrived all they got was a Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Ë The boss was expectinÃ¢â¬â¢ you last nightÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ The other workers were a bit curious about George and Lennie because normally men travel around on their own so they thought there was something suspicious going off between them,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Ësay-what you sellinÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s hand gets broken. Curley provokes Lennie and starts hitting him, Lennie is really very gentle but he grabs hold of CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s hand and squeezes it until he ends up breaking every bone, Ã¢â¬ Looks to me like everÃ¢â¬â¢ bone in his hanÃ¢â¬â¢ is bustÃ¢â¬ . Also in both stories there is an unhappy marriage. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ the unhappy marriage is the marriage of Curley and his wife. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s thought of so little that she isnÃ¢â¬â¢t even given a name. She tells Lennie how she only married Curley on the rebound to get away from her mother, Ã¢â¬ Well, I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t gonna stay no place where I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get nowhere or make something of myself, anÃ¢â¬â¢ where they stole your letters. So I married Curley. Met him out to the Riverside Dance Palace that same nightÃ¢â¬ Curley doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to pay that much attention to her or care about her, as he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t hesitate to go to the Ã¢â¬Ëcat houseÃ¢â¬â¢ in town with all the guys and leave her on her own. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ the incomer in this story is Gertrude. She enters the story as Farmer Lodges new wife. Unlike Lennie and George, Gertrude enters the story at the top of the social scale. However, like George and Lennie she also doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t receive the friendliest of welcomes and all the villages are very curious about her on her arrival, Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËWell, did you see her?Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å". In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ there is also an injury but this one is very different to the one in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. This injury has a strange, paranormal meaning to it as the dream Rhoda had about hitting GertrudeÃ¢â¬â¢s arm mysteriously comes true when a hand mark appears on her arm and it starts to wither, Ã¢â¬Å"She uncovered her left arm, and their outline confronted RhodaÃ¢â¬â¢s gaze as the exact original of the limb she had beheld and seized in her dreamÃ¢â¬ . In this story there is also an unhappy marriage of Gertrude and Farmer Lodge. At the beginning of the story they seem like a happy couple in love but he only really sees her as is pretty girl to go on his arm, Ã¢â¬Å"you must expect to be stared at just at first, my pretty GertrudeÃ¢â¬ . When Gertrude becomes marked and her arm begins to wither, Farmer Lodge begins to loose interest. As Gertrude becomes imperfect the marriage begins to fall apart, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Ësix years off marriage and only a few months of loveÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ The female characters in both stories have many differences through how they live but some similarities can be made between the three. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ the female character is CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. She is described as young and pretty but she hates the life sheÃ¢â¬â¢s got with Curley on the farm. She had dreams of living a life a luxury and being put it the Ã¢â¬ËpitchersÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËWell a show come through, anÃ¢â¬â¢ I met one of the actors. He says I could go with that showÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å". Women were pretty much at the bottom of the social scale compared to men so Curley treated her like she belonged to him, Steinbeck show this in the story by not giving her a name and just referring to her as CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. Curley goes off in to town with the other guys in to the Ã¢â¬Ëcat houseÃ¢â¬â¢ withou t giving his wife any consideration. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ there are two female characters, Gertrude Lodge and Rhoda Brook. Rhoda is a dairymaid on Farmer Lodges farm and just like CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife has been treated badly by a man. Rhoda had once bin the lover of Farmer Lodge and accidentally got pregnant, because of this Farmer Lodge ended it and left her to bring up their son on her own with no help. He tries to ignore her and his own son and tries to pretend he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really know who they are. When he sees his son he discards him as just another villager, Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËI think he lives with his mother a mile or two offÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ the way Rhoda was treated by Farmer Lodge shows that she was just being used and treated like an object and not properly respected like she should be, this is just like how Curley treated his wife in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. Gertrude Lodge is Farmer Lodges new wife. He is very proud of her in a way at the beginning because she is young and beautiful. However all this does change, when GertrudeÃ¢â¬â¢s arm begins wither and she become imperfect, Farmer Lodge slowly begins to loose interest. In this way she is also treated badly by a man like CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and Rhoda Brook were. Farmer Lodge got to think very little of Gertrude, as she never gave him a child along with her disfigurement, he grew to not love her just because of they way she looked. In both stories all the women were treated very unfairly by men and can relate to one another by how badly they were treated by men. Each stories has different themes but the two main themes in these stories are friendship and loneliness. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢, Candy, Crooks and CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife are the three main lonely ones. These three are considered at the bottom of the social scale. Candy is lonely because he is old and only has one hand, Crooks is lonely because he also has a disability and he is black and black people werenÃ¢â¬â¢t thought of very highly because of the colour of their skin and CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is lonely because she is female and women were considered to be second class to men, she is only seen as CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and not her own individual person. All three are lonely because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re all different or have a disability in some way. The idea of loneliness is also expressed through the things Steinbeck writes about. When George is in the bunkhouse playing cards, Ã¢â¬Å"his solitaire handÃ¢â¬ is mentioned, solitaire a game played on your own so this shows GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s loneliness. Also the local town is called Soledad and Ã¢â¬ËsoleÃ¢â¬â¢ is also expressing the loneliness of the story. The main and strongest friendship in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ is the friendship of Lennie and George. When the Great Depression hit America men travelled around on their own looking for work but Lennie and George travel together. George and Lennie have been friends for years and Lennie is Ã¢â¬ËsimpleÃ¢â¬â¢ so needs looking after, George is the one to do this, he looks after Lennie the best he can and cares for him. From some of things George says you can tell that he does care about him. Ã¢â¬Å"Jesus Christ, youÃ¢â¬â¢re a crazy bastard!Ã¢â¬ is said in a kind of sarcastic way and shows that George does like Lennie and cares for him but tryÃ¢â¬â¢s not to show it. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ Gertrude is the lonely one. She is lonely because she has come into the story and enters Holmstoke as a complete stranger and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know anyone. She finds herself very much alone after her arm starts to wither and her husband beings to loose interest in her and ignore her. Just like Candy and Crooks in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice of MenÃ¢â¬â¢ one of the reasons she feels loneliness is because of a disability or injury. The main friendship in Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ is the friendship of Rhoda and Gertrude. This friendship is very different to the one of Lennie and George in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. At first Rhoda didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like Gertrude just because she married Farmer Lodge and then Rhoda has her strange dream. When Rhoda meets Gertrude she sees how nice she is and then she finds out about GertrudeÃ¢â¬â¢s withering arm and realises itÃ¢â¬â¢s because of her dream and Rhoda feels guilty. Unlike Lennie and GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s friendship being based on care and love this friendship is partly based on RhodaÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt over disliking Gertrude in the first place. In both stories dialect and slang are used by each writer to give you a more realistic view on each of the characters and the stories. In Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ the slang and dialect used could be quite hard to understand. In 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s California the speech is a very old American accent. Steinbeck used this in his story to convey a more realistic picture of the characters and how they spoke. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËShe slang her pups last night,Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ said slim, simply means that she gave birth last night to her new puppies. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ Cause I can jusÃ¢â¬â¢ as well go away, George, anÃ¢â¬â¢ live in a caveÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å", Simply means Ã¢â¬Ëof course, I can just go away and live in a caveÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËWeÃ¢â¬â¢ll take Ã¢â¬Ëum into Soledad anÃ¢â¬â¢ get Ã¢â¬Ëum fixed upÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å", all Ã¢â¬Ëum means is him, and the Ã¢â¬ËdÃ¢â¬â¢ is misses off of Ã¢â¬ËandÃ¢â¬â¢. Using the actually dialect and slang makes the story sound more real and to try and give you more of an idea about what each character is like. In Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ Hardy also uses slang and dialect to bring his characters to life and make them sound more realistic through the way they speak. Nineteenth century Ã¢â¬ËWessexÃ¢â¬â¢ has a very different dia lect to Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËHe do bring his bride home tomorrowÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å", almost doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense but it just mean that Ã¢â¬Ëhe will bring his bride homeÃ¢â¬â¢. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËAh- Ã¢â¬â¢tis all a-scramÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å", just means that Ã¢â¬Ëit is all shrivelled upÃ¢â¬â¢. The dialect in this story also has completely different word for things like Ã¢â¬ËchimmerÃ¢â¬â¢ means bedroom and Ã¢â¬ËfanciedÃ¢â¬â¢ means imagined. Hardy uses all this language to make his story and characters more believable and to give the effect of the place itÃ¢â¬â¢s set in. Out of these two stories I preferred Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ by john Steinbeck. I think that this story has more of a powerful ending than Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢. I think that Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ is more realistic than Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ because in Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ the ending is all tied up neatly and really thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not like real life. Where as in Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ it just ends and is left open like it can carry on, just like life really is. Ã¢â¬Å"Curley and Carlson looked after them. And Carlson said, Ã¢â¬ËNow what the hell ya suppose is eatinÃ¢â¬â¢ them two guys?Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å". I think that Ã¢â¬ËOf Mice and MenÃ¢â¬â¢ has a more interesting plot that keeps your reading till the end unlike Ã¢â¬ËThe Withered ArmÃ¢â¬â¢ that I found got a bit boring.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Is it Irrational for Companies to be Marketing to Children? Companies have been marketing to children for an abundant amount of years. Nevertheless, is it ethical for companies to be targeting children in order to sell their products? As a result, companies have been doing well economically from marketing to children, however, on the opposite side, marketing is affecting children emotionally and it has had a negative influence on their well-being/health. First off, marketing to children has become a favored way for companies to succeed in earning money. Since marketing to children has become an efficient way for companies to get children to buy their products, the income of the amount of money companies make from children has dramatically increased throughout the years. To illustrate, in Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢Study Shows Fast Food Companies Aggressively Market to Kids, MinoritiesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ to explain the amount of money marketers spend on marketing to children, Wartman states Ã¢â¬Ë Ã¢â¬â¢Indeed, the $4.2 billion dollars spent in 2009 on advertising by the fast food industry is workingÃ¢â¬ ¦ 40 percent of parents report that their children ask to go to McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s at least once a week and 15 percent of preschoolers ask to go every dayÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ (Wartman). In this quotation, it is clear that companies are wealthy, they spend an excessive amount of money only to provide advertisements. This technique of advertising works well since it is proven that children want to go to McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s every day, that is because McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedThe Old Constant : Human Psychology963 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesoverreactions and irrational decisions. Second, investors tend to trade more often in a rising market although they may not have a quantitative basis for their decisions. When the entire market is rising it is likely that a wide range of investors report gains. Individuals then tend to attribute their success to their own qualities rather than macroeconomic factors that may have caused their success. This practice characterizes overconfidence and amplifies the tendency to make irrational decisions inRead MoreThe Influence Of Visual Advertising On Consumer Behavior Essay1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbehavior (Barnham 1). As a leading cause to product success rate, a large population of consumers buys a product because of their respective interpretation of respective companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ advertisements. Visual ads are an important asset to the marketing industry. Paying attention to the rational and emotional needs of the consumer, companies recognize the benefits of productive advertising, in addition to understanding consumer conscience. With the progress of modern technology, producersÃ¢â¬â¢ visual ads haveRead MoreThe Anxiety Of Depression And Anxiety1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe client and therapist relationship will be largely based in collaborative empiricism. The client and I will be working together to identify his irrational beliefs that sustain his depression and anxiety, and identify the source of the disturbance in thoughts. According to REBT, Williams disturbances of sleep and headache is due to the irrational pessimistic beliefs about his future, and the worry that things will never get better. Will is keeping their emotional disturbances active by continuingRead MoreRacial Discrimination Against African Americans857 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesunethical, it is because she is an African-American, which considered as having bad influences for the company. As a result of the racial discrimination, Nakia Sanford brought FedEx to the court, although the process is still ongoing until now. 2 2. Coca ColaÃ¢â¬â¢s unequal treatment against its African-American employees Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (2014) noted that in 1999, the Coca Cola Company have been racially discriminated most of their African-American employees in the workplace, whichRead MoreThe Rational Irrationality Complex1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthey act irrationally. Their irrational decisions and results can be, in part, hindered and corrected by government intervention. That markets fail mostly due to irrationality rather than to greed can be seen from the scenario of the retail bookstores, particularly Borders, vs. that of e-book publishing. It appears that e-book publishing may have a future (PWC, nd), but many book stores are slow to acknowledge and appreciate that fact. Borders was one of those companies who failed to foresee theRead MoreDecision Making And The Prospect Theory1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdecisions when faced with perceived risk and uncertainty. Utility can be explained by how much an individual values an extra unit of wealth. Contrary to the normative approach, Prospect Theory aims to model real life choices of individuals which can be irrational, rather than the optimal choices that Expected Utility Theory suggests people should make thus, Prospect Theory is a more accurate description of decision making. Firstly, Von Neumann and Morgenstern (1953) claimed that individuals make decisionsRead MoreRelationship Between Consumer Sentiment And Adr Price Essay1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa function of expected changes in exchange rate expectations and differences in investor sentiment.31 The sample comprises 30 Chinese companies having 30Their main sample includes 74 ADRs from nine countries for the period 1996-2003. These are 11 Australian, 32 British, 2 Danish, 3 Finish, 6 French, 4 German, 3 Italian, 10 Dutch, 4 Spanish, and 3 Swedish companies. Differing from Rabinovitch et al. (2003), they look into two costly arbitrage factors- transaction costs and holding costs.30 It is foundRead MoreThe Impact Of U.s. Economy On The Housing Crisis1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdesire to avoid a similar crisis in the future (Weinberg). There have been four factors that have been identified to leading the housing bubble: relaxed standards for mortgage loan, low mortgage interest rates, low short-term interest rates, and irrational exuberance. Standards for mortgage loans were relaxed because new government policies were aimed at promoting an increase in home ownership for lower-income households and greater competition in the mortgage loan market. The relaxing of mortgageRead MoreComment on the Three Conditions on Market Efficiency1004 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand lead investors to overestimate their ability and knowledge and understate the risks. In reality, there are some other behavioral biases. Investors usually prefer to put their money into a company that they know or familiar with. This is known as familiarity bias. They will invest heavily in the company they work for. They will also allocate a larger fraction of their investments to domestic stock even though it is easier to diversify investments across geographies. In addition, people tend toRead MoreEfficient Market Hypothesis Theory949 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconflicting view on the theory was presented by Shleifer (2000) in which he identified three main arguments for the EMH: 1. Investors are rational and hence value securities rationally. 2. Some investors are irrational but their trades are random and cancel each other out. 3. Some investors are irrational but rational arbitrageurs eliminate their influence on prices. If all these exist, then both efficient markets and stock prices would be very unpredictable and thus would follow a random walk. Dupernex
Friday, December 27, 2019
Making a difference in the world is not strenuous; it is the choices conceived that dictate either a positive or negative impact upon society. Most people do not wish to negatively impact others, but unfortunately events such as this occur nonetheless. When involving myself with my UNI classmates, we came to the conclusion that we must surpass all struggles and attempt to assist those who cannot assist themselves. Various ideas were tossed back and forth until we came to one cessation: every single idea was a prodigious idea. Our group had no choice other than to complete multiple acts of kindness towards human beings in our surrounding areas. The first act of kindness that my group permitted involved paying for a strangerÃ¢â¬â¢s meal in aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One sticky note read, Ã¢â¬Å"Always do right. This will gratify some people and astonish the restÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Clemens/TwainÃ¢â¬ ). I peered out of the window while I was on my ten-minute break and spotted a you ng woman smiling at her sticky note; unfortunately, I cannot remember the exact words written, but it warms my heart to know that I was the reason behind her toothy grin. There were a few other smaller, selfless activities I decided to perform due to a lengthy list I read online. One of the tasks entailed listening to someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s pain and making an attempt to help them find a path through it. I had this conversation with a fellow coworker whose mother had passed almost a year ago; the pain is still tender and she is trying to deal with it to the best of her abilities. Another act I wanted to pull off included donating all of my old clothes to someone in need. It is certainly true that someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s old is another personÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of new (Ã¢â¬Å"ChernoffÃ¢â¬ ). Gandhi said it best when he uttered the words, Ã¢â¬Å"Be the change you want to see in the worldÃ¢â¬ . By participating in random acts of kindness, you are inspiring others in the process to do the same. The possibilities are endless and if we all come together, we can turn the world around ultimately. You may believe that you are one person in this world compacted with a billion other people; however, to one person, at one singleShow MoreRelatedNegative Effects Of The Industrial Revolution710 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesadvancements that would change the way of living for everyone. As with all significant events in history, there were positive and negative impacts that the Industrial Revolution had on the world. Despite all the technological advancements that were made during this time that brought economic prosperity to all, the Industrial Revolution has negative impacts that shaped our society to be less humane and more greedy. For the sake of being financially successful, people had to disregard people and ratherRead MoreThe Impact of Media on Teens844 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s impact has a way of shaping the teenage mind in a ways that are very effective to their behav ior. This behavior is not just seen with teens that live in harsh neighborhoods. These behaviors are seem in teens everywhere from every background and culture. Violence in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is looked at as such a normal thing but it really has a huge effect on the violence that teenager encounter as well as a change in their cultural beliefs. Teen culture is changing in big ways as the media continuesRead MoreTechnology And Social Change : Technology935 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSocial Change As human beings we strive to push forward to continuously make changes to our way of living. The way society and the advancement of technology it is almost impossible not to want to even keep up at the rate things progress. To further discuss this topic technology is the invention of tools and techniques. Technological change is the invention of a technology, the continuous process of improving technology throughout society. Society is the grouping of people through social relationsRead MoreReality Television Has A Negative Impact On Society981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesentertainment.It changes the way audiences watch television by providing imaginary space for them,allowing them fantasize themselves as the part of the show(Hicks,2009).However,while the reality television is argued as Ã¢â¬Ëhighly edited realityÃ¢â¬â¢,the positive effects are doubted by some observers.The reality television in this essay can be defined as a genre of television programming with unscripted real-life s ituations,usually features ordinary masses as the protagonist rather than famous stars,whichRead MoreDifferent Cultures Are Mutually Exclusive Is A Idea Of The Past879 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe idea that two separate cultures are mutually exclusive has become an idea of the past. A mutually exclusive culture describes being of one culture and therefore not being able to be a part of the other. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society cultures blend so often, from African-Americans to Italian-Americans, which they are all considered Americans and in their own ways represent the subcultures contained within. This notion of biculturalism is generally assumed by most individuals, and in All Our Kin Stack proceedsRead MorePersonal Statement : My Mexican American Culture1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmy thoughts that hard work pays off and to uncover meaning in life one must persevere in education and thrive to support those struggling. Life has given me the opportunities to practice many qualities and IÃ¢â ¬â¢ve learned they are to cherish. They have molded my character somewhat in that, as the years passed, I adapted and applied them. My intent is to keep the principles imparted to me and with a positive attitude, carry myself with might and bravery as I travel forward in life. What became evidentRead MoreThe Chinese Communist Revolution Was A Negative Impact On The Political And Economic Development Of China1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Chinese Communist Revolution had a negative impact on the political and economic development of China. It also had a positive and negative impact on the social development in China. This caused the revolution to fail to meet the people s needs. Before the Chinese Communist Revolution, Mao Zedong became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921. After the Nationalist Party is created, the nationalists chase Mao and his rebels through china. This is known as the long march which unifiedRead MoreRole Of Government Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesyears changing the way we view and act in society today. For example, the national government ensure that the citizens of the United States are all treated equally, applies law and order, and provides opportunities. The government has changed dramatically since we now have s ocial media, newspapers, and the radio. However , not only has the government provided a strong impact in society in a positive way, but it has also impacted the society in negative ways. As a nation the public has found manyRead MoreThe American Dream And The American Dream1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn American society, there are many norms that have become essential to citizenship, like owning a home or attending college to pursue higher education. The American Dream drove Americans to improve their living standards and live luxurious suburban lifestyles, but quickly it became evident that in order to achieve the American Dream, people were forced to take on debt. Mortgages, credit cards, and student loans became a part of regular conversation for the middle-class and were crucial to upholdingRead MoreThe Patent Of Patent And Its General Applications1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof additional economic benefits with their product patent, especially in terms of software patent. However , on the other hand, the negative effects of patents also should not be underestimated, such as it might obstruct creativity, and it might cause an unnecessary litigation in order to compete the patent. Compared to the positive effects of the patent, the negative effects of the patent seems to be more prominent. This essay will discuss the usefulness and the harmfulness of patent from three parts